Feb 15, 2017 this feature is not available right now. Testicular torsion is a painful urologic emergency caused by twisting of the spermatic cord causing compromise of the blood supply to the affected testis fig. The spermatic cord contains blood vessels and passageways for sperm. Testicular torsion occurs when a testicle torts on the spermatic cord resulting in the cutting off of blood supply. It also may occur during sports or physical exercise. Torsion can occur at any time, while sitting or standing, or may awaken an individual from sleep. Testicular torsion is the twisting of the testicle.
Testicular torsion refers to the torsion of the spermatic cord structures and subsequent loss of the blood supply to the ipsilateral testicle. About testicular torsion testicular torsion also called testis torsion happens when the spermatic cord that provides blood flow to the testicle rotates and becomes twisted, usually due to an injury or medical condition. Intermittent testicular torsion should be considered in all young males with a history of scrotal pain and. Testicular torsion is the most common cause of acute scrotal pain in prepubertal and adolescent boys. We report a case of intravaginal torsion of the testis in a patient.
When the spermatic cord is twisted, blood flow to the testicle is reduced or blocked. The left testis tends to be more commonly affected. The acute scrotum is one of the commonest surgical emergencies in pediatric practice. Apr 04, 2020 testicular torsion occurs when a testicle rotates, twisting the spermatic cord that brings blood to the scrotum. Testicular torsion, or torsion of the spermatic cord, causes rotation of the testicle, ultimately causing obstruction to venous drainage. Careful examinations of severe damage to the seminiferous epithelium after repair of unilateral torsion have never shown a significant contralateral effect on spermatogenesis 20 or even on a number of other. Frecuente en urgencias urologicas importantes repercusiones a largo plazo. Boys who are having pain in the testicles always need prompt medical. He had intermittent torsion, that is, the spermatic cord twisted and spontaneously unwound. Testicular torsion remains a common surgical emergency of adolescent males. Testicular torsion is a twisting of the spermatic cord and its contents and is a surgical emergency affecting 3. Testicular torsion is a relatively common condition.
Complications may include an inability to have children. The rotation of the spermatic cord leads to venous and arterial flow compromise, which results in ischemia in about 624 hours. Charts to be abstracted were identified based on having an icd9 code for testicular torsion 608. Testicular torsion is a urologic emergency that needs immediate attention and treatment. Testicular torsion is caused by twisting of the spermatic cord and the blood supply to the testicle see the image below. Testicular torsion is a twisting of the testicle and the spermatic cord, the structure extending from the groin to the testes that contains nerves, ducts, and blood vessels. The germ cell population of the testis is highly sensitive to both ischemic and reperfusion injury. Testicular torsion genitourinary disorders merck manuals. This causes a restriction in blood flow to the testes, severe pain, and possibly permanent damage. Surgery is needed right away to prevent lifelong permanent damage.
A retrospective analysis was made of the data of 57 patients diagnosed with tt, comprising 20 patients with successful md group i, 28 patients who underwent emergency orchiopexy group ii, and 9 patients applied with orchiectomy group iii. The most common symptom is acute testicular pain and the most common underlying cause, a bellclapper deformity. Testicular torsion is a true surgical emergency with peak presentation in. Testicular torsion the patient discussed today had a history of in termittent testicular pain for about three weeks. Testicular torsion requires immediate medical attention. Torsion causes decreased blood flow to the testes, essentially strangling them of oxygen and nutrients. Early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and preventive measures are important to avoid testicular infarction. Testicular sonography has contributed greatly to the preoperative diagnosis of testicular torsion in the pediatric patient and is the mainstay for evaluation of acute scrotal pain. As your doctors, it is important for us to know this information so we can provide you with the best health care possible. The condition is mainly related to a congenital condition due to a bell clapper deformity that causes the testicle to twist suddenly around its cord leading to testicular ischemia and possibly infarction. Testicular torsion is most common between ages 12 and 18, but it can occur at any age, even before birth. Diagnosis is based on physical examination and confirmed by color doppler ultrasonography. Testicular torsion is an acute vascular event causing the rotation of the vascular pedicle of the testis, thereby impeding the blood flow to the testis and the scrotal contents. View online or download polaris 800 rmk 2011 owners manual.
Factors influencing rate of testicular salvage in acute. Sep 21, 20 what are the symptoms of testicular torsion. Treatment usually involves correction of the problem through surgery or manual detorsion. Testicular torsion an overview sciencedirect topics. This is a confidential record of your medical history. Urgent testicular exploration is an important message if in doubt. The viability rates of a torted testicle declines significantly with time davenport 1996, cokkinos 2011. Symptoms are acute scrotal pain and swelling, nausea, and vomiting.
Waldman md, jd, in atlas of common pain syndromes fourth edition, 2019. Despite its high sensitivity and specificity, both falsenegative and falsepositive findings occur. Recorded patient age, whether the testes were palpable or not, side of the affected testes, the presence of hernia. Should manual detorsion be a routine part of treatment in. This causes interruption of the blood supply, which can rapidly lead to permanent damage to the testicle. It accounts for approximately 90% of acute scrotal pathology in adolescents and 3040% of cases in the prepubertal age group. Testicular torsion is a medical emergency that usually requires immediate surgery to save the testicle.
Testicular torsion is a known urological emergency. Of children with testicular pain of rapid onset, testicular torsion is the cause of about 10% of cases. It results from anomalous suspension of the testis by a long stalk of spermatic cord, resulting in complete investment of the testis and epididymis by the tunica vaginalis. Testicular torsion often is associated with a neoplastic mass of a retained testicle within the abdomen but also can be observed with nonneoplastic testes located within the scrotum. The hallmark of testicular torsion is sudden, severe, onesided testicular pain. Sep 24, 2019 the annual incidence of testicular torsion is 14000 in males under 25 years of age barada 1989. Sep 15, 2017 it was aimed to investigate the efficiency and reliability of the manual detorsion md procedure in patients diagnosed with testicular torsion tt. This is a painful problem that usually occurs in boys ages 10 years and older. Revista pediatria electronica torsion testicular en pediatria. Presence of documented doppler flow within the testis might be a. Torsion testicular en pediatria, diagnostico y manejo. Testicular torsion following torsion of a hydatid of morgagni.
Testicular torsion occurs mainly in two different age groups. Torsion is identified in newborns because the scrotum is discolored appears. Diagnosis of testicular torsion cannot be reliably excluded by location of pain, imaging, positive. Testicular torsion is an emergency condition due to rotation of the testis and consequent strangulation of its blood supply. It has bimodal distribution primarily a disease of neonates and adolescents, and is otherwise rare. Testicular appendage torsion is not the same thing as testicular torsion. Torsion of the testicle it is time to stop tossing the dice larry b.
History and examination is important for diagnosis. To report our experience and present the largest series of testicular torsion cases in the inguinal canal. Intravaginal torsion intravaginal torsion is the more common type, occurring most frequently at puberty. Aug 31, 2018 testicular torsion refers to the torsion of the spermatic cord structures and subsequent loss of the blood supply to the ipsilateral testicle. Feb 03, 2020 testicular torsion is a condition in which the spermatic cord that holds the testicle gets twisted. The reduced blood flow causes sudden and often severe pain and swelling. The information contained here will not be released to anyone without your prior consent. The torsion causes a loss of blood supply to the testicle. Manual detorsion can be performed but should not be used to delay surgery because. Testicular torsion usually requires emergency surgery. Torsion testicular trastornos urogenitales manual msd version.214 1248 1315 906 189 53 666 1001 857 1479 793 1344 1271 393 1074 1164 162 1281 1296 294 1265 727 329 133 1220 375 1277 480 538 289 1270 554 1361 1455 718 754 954 508 967 941 826 153 226 199 1373 698 317 8